Abbreviations Used In Stamps & Postal History

★★ unmounted mint
used on piece or front
used on cover, post-card, entire letter, etc.
cds circular datemark
COL collection
E essay
F fine
FDC first day cover
FFC first flight cover
F-VC fine-very Fine
Imperf. imperforation
L literature
LH lightly hinged
M map
M/S miniature sheet
NG no gum
OG original gum
 (P) photo
Perf. perforation
PPC picture post card
PR proof
PS postal stationery
S specimen
SB stamp booklet
VF very fine
VF-F very fine-fine


Abbreviations Used In coins & Banknotes

F Fine
VF Very Fine
XF Extremely Fine
AU About Uncirculated
UNC Uncirculated


Catalogs May Used In  Auctions

Chan Colour-illustrated Stamp Catalogue of China 1878-1949 (2000 Editor) by Shui-Hou Chan
Yang Yang’s Postage s Stamp Catalogue of China(Liberated Area)
PPTPH Postage Stamp Catalogue of China by People’s Posts & Telecommunications Publishing House
P. World Paper Money